Adopting from THAILAND
Ireland and the Kingdom of Thailand are signatories to the 1993 Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption.
Article 2 of the Hague Convention states that the Convention shall apply where a child habitually resident in one Contracting State (e.g. Thailand) has been, is being, or is to be moved to another Contracting State (e.g. Ireland) either after his or her adoption in the State of origin by spouses or a person habitually resident in the receiving State, or for the purposes of such an adoption in the receiving State or in the State of origin. The Convention covers only adoptions which create a permanent parent-child relationship.
Under the Convention the following procedures apply –
The Adoption Authority of Ireland* sends an Article 15 Assessment Report on the prospective adoptive parent(s) to the National Central Authority of the country of origin.
The National Central Authority of the country of origin matches the child with prospective adoptive parent(s) and sends an Article 16 Child Study report to the Adoption Authority of Ireland for consideration.
The Adoption Authority of Ireland sends an Article 17 Child Placement Agreement Notice to the National Central Authority of the country of origin for the child to be placed with the prospective adoptive parents.
Following placement of the child with the PAPs, they may bring the child to Ireland. Following the completion of a number of post-placement reports, the Thai authorities may decide that the child can be adopted by the PAPs. Thai adoptions are finalised at the Thai embassy in London, England. Prospective adoptive parents should ensure that the Authority’s Declaration of Eligibility & Suitability extends to the date of adoption.
Following the granting of an Adoption Order the National Central Authority of the country of origin issues an Article 23 Certificate confirming that the adoption has been effected in accordance with the terms and conditions of the 1993 Hague Convention.
Prospective adoptive parents are advised that adoptions from Thailand may be ‘simple’ adoptions, i.e. they may not terminate the pre-existing legal parent-child relationship. The adoption will be regarded as a simple adoption unless the Article 23 Certificate (issued by the Thai authorities under the 1993 Hague Convention) states that the adoption is a ‘full/plenary’ adoption.
Currently, the Adoption Authority of Ireland transmits the prospective adoptive parents’ ‘dossier’ to Thailand free of charge (excl. courier costs). This arrangement will change in the near future when the facilitation service is delegated to the Irish based Accredited Body, Helping Hands Adoption Mediation Agency. There will be costs associated with any services provided by Helping Hands.
The Thai authorities operate a quota system to regulate the number of outgoing adoption per year.
The Thai authorities have informed the Adoption Authority that they will accept six (6) applications from Ireland for the year 2017. The expected referral time is approximately 2 years depending on the availability of children for adoption
The number of children adopted into Ireland from Thailand in recent years is as follows –
Prospective adoptive parents should satisfy themselves that any persons acting on their behalf are duly authorised by the appropriate National Central Authority to carry out the functions for which they are engaged.
Prospective adoptive parents proposing to adopt abroad are advised to seek independent legal advice prior to effecting an adoption abroad.
Prospective adoptive parents should not take custody of a child or accept a placement prior to the Adoption Authority of Ireland issuing an Article 17 Placement Approval Notice.
When a child enters the State for the first time after his or her adoption, the adopters must notify the Child and Family Agency and the Adoption Authority of Ireland of the child’s entry as soon as practicable and, in any event, not later than three (3) months after the date of entry. Failure to so notify is a criminal offence.
Not later than three (3) months after the date when a child first enters the State after his or her intercountry adoption in another state, the adopters must apply to the Adoption Authority of Ireland to have the particulars of the adoption entered into the Register of Intercountry Adoptions (RICA). Failure to do so is a criminal offence. Applications for an entry in the RICA must be accompanied by an Article 23 certificate issued by a National Central Authority or by an Accredited Body duly authorised to do so by a National Central Authority.
Any adoptions effected outside these parameters will not be recognised by the AAI.
For further information contact:
Adoption Authority of Ireland
Intercountry Adoption Unit
Tel. +353 (0)1 2309300
Fax.+353 (0)1 6671438
Helping Hands Adoption Mediation Agency
The Bessborough Centre
Tel: 021 4966 805
Tel Int: +353-21-4966 805
Fax: 021 4966 815
Fax Int: +353-21-4966 815